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Smart Grid Cybersecurity Training

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Introduction

Smart Grid Cybersecurity Training Course with hands-on Exercises

Smart Grid Cybersecurity Training course will teach you the important aspects of cybersecurity in smart grids. The Smart Grid Cybersecurity Training consists of detailed information about smart power systems, recent technologies toward the smart grids, potential threats and vulnerabilities in smart grids and security assessment in smart grids in order to advance the knowledge of audience about the cybersecurity in smart grids.

Upon the completion of the Smart Grid Cybersecurity Training, you will learn how to prevent the threats at the first hand. Moreover, you will be trained to identify the potential threats in smart grids, how to detect the threats in smart grid components such as SCADA systems, customer side, transmission and distribution levels.

Smart Grid Cybersecurity training course simply teaches you the modern transmission and distribution system reliability and efficiency, how the generation plants can be faced with threats and necessity of secure electricity infrastructure. By taking this course, you will learn the digital information technology and control which will result in a high efficiency smart grid technology. Moreover, the cybersecurity problem will be formulated in smart grids and communication issues will be introduced.

After introducing the threats, a proper action should be designed in response to a threat or recovery actions after a threat. This course will also help you to understand the concept of risk in smart grids, and effect of cascading failure in security, concept of actors, interactions between actors, security in communications and loss of integrity.

Duration: 3-4 days

Smart Grid Cybersecurity Training Related Courses

Customize It

• We can adapt this Smart Grid Cybersecurity Training course to your group’s background and work requirements at little to no added cost.
• If you are familiar with some aspects of this Smart Grid Cybersecurity Training course, we can omit or shorten their discussion.
• We can adjust the emphasis placed on the various topics or build the Smart Grid Cybersecurity Training course around the mix of technologies of interest to you (including technologies other than those included in this outline).
• If your background is nontechnical, we can exclude the more technical topics, include the topics that may be of special interest to you (e.g., as a manager or policy-maker), and present the Smart Grid Cybersecurity Training course in manner understandable to lay audiences.

Audience / Target Group

Smart Grid Cybersecurity training is a 3-day course designed for:

• All individuals who need to understand the concept of security in smart grids.
• Power utility engineers working on smart grid technology
• Test engineers who need to learn the security issues in power grids
• Power traders to understand the smart grid security systems.
• Independent system operator personnel.
• Faculty members from academic institutes who want to teach the smart grid security course.
• Investors and contractors who plan to make investments in smart grids and renewable energy industry.
• Professionals in other energy industries.
• Electric utility personnel who recently started career in power systems or having new job responsibilities.
• Technicians, operators, and maintenance personnel who are or will be working on smart grid related projects
• Managers, accountants, and executives of smart grid industry.
• Scientist or non-electrical engineers involved in smart grid related projects or proposals.

Smart Grid Cybersecurity Training - Objectives:

After completing this course, attendees will be able to:

• Understand the smart grid components
• Describe the trend toward smart grid technologies
• Explain the necessity of security in smart grids
• Understand the threats in smart grids
• Explain the communication problems in smart grids
• Understand the main components of cyber secured power grid
• Initiate the cybersecurity analysis for designed smart grid
• Understand the cascading failures in smart grids and consequences of risks
• Set the boundaries for security architectures in smart grids
• Differentiate the security issues in transmission, distribution and generation plants in smart grids
• Understand the different energy management systems in different levels of smart grids
• Explain the security assessment and incident response in smart grids
• Describe the security concepts in SCADA systems, demand response, electric vehicle and metering infrastructures

Course Content:

The Smart Grid Cybersecurity training course consists of the following lessons, which can be revised and tailored to the client’s need:

Smart Grid Technology

What is the smart grid?
What are the main components of a smart grid
Renewable energy sources in smart grid
Effect of electric vehicles and energy storages
Wind farms
Solar panels
Definition of cyber
Five layers of cyber world
Why security of smart grid?
Vulnerabilities of smart grids
Security concepts in smart grids

Modernism In Electric Transmission And Distribution Systems

Reliability of distribution systems
Physical components of a grid
Generation plants
Transmission and distribution lines
Communication systems in smart grids
Meters (AC or DC)
Loads
Secure electricity infrastructure
Future demand growth effect
Concept of smart grids
Digital information technology
Digital control idea
High efficiency smart grid technologies
Dynamic optimization of smart grid operation
Concept of cyber security in smart grids
Automation and communication issues
Supporting the customers
Communications in smart grids
Recording, processing and exchanging data
Cascading failure example
Internet hacker attacks
Blackouts

Cybersecurity Context; Traditional Grid Security versus Smart Grid

One Way versus Two-Way Communications
Centralized and Distributed Generation Impact
Implementation of Sensors
Manual monitoring versus Self-Monitoring
Single Point of Failure and Self-Healing
Limited Control and Pervasive Control
CO2 Emission and Clean Energy Application
Smart Grid Concepts
Smart Grid Interoperability panel (SGIP)
Smart Grid Cybersecurity Committee (SGCC)
Information Technology Laboratory (ITL)
Advanced Metering Infrastructure Security (AMI)
New Challenging Threats in Smart Grids
Cybersecurity Standards for Smart Grids
Secure Content Automation Protocol (SCAP)
IEEE 1588
Security Architecture in Smart Grids

Reported Vulnerabilities of Smart Grids

Eavesdropping
Traffic Analysis
EM/RF Interception
Indiscretions by Personnel
Media Scavenging
Intercept/Alter
Repudiation
Masquerade
Bypassing Controls
Authorization Violation
Physical Intrusion
Man-in-the-Middle
Integrity violation
Theft
Virus/Worms
Trojan Horses
Trapdoor
Service Spoofing
Resource Exhaustion
Integrity Violations
Stolen/Altered
Insider Attacks
Cheating customers

Smart Grid Architecture Model (SGAM)

Component Layer
Communication Layer
Information Layer
Function Layer
Business Layer
Generation Domain
Transmission Domain
Distribution Domain
Customer Domain
Intelligent Energy Management (IEM)
Smart Web Grids
Smart Low Voltage Girds
Smart Metering Rollout (AMIS)

Information Assurance in Smart Grids

Confidentiality
Integrity
Availability
Accountability
Security concepts and smart grids

Advanced Metering Infrastructure and Security Issues

Smart Meters
Customer Gateway
AMI Communication Network
AMI Head End
AMI Security Threats
Listening Issue
Modification
Interactions
Malicious code Planted in the System
Denial of Service
Insider Attacks
Unauthorized Access

Demand Response Security Concerns

Confidentiality of Demand Response
Authentication
Data Integrity
Accountability
Availability
Automated Demand Response security
Communication Infrastructure in Automated Demand Response
Open ADR and security concerns
Demand Response Automation Server
Demand Response for Residential Sites and Security Issues
Possible Attacks in Demand Response Events

Smart Grid Domain Security

Home Area Network (HAN)
ZigBee
Z-Wave
Gateway Component
Wireless Neighborhood Area Network (WNAN)
IEEE Standards for Smart Grid Security
IEEE 802.11
IEEE 802.15.4
IEEE 802.16

Risk Assessment in Smart Grids

Safety Management
Cyber-Physical Risk Identification Step
Understanding Risks to Legacy Systems
Complex Organizational Dependecies
Cascading Effect
Fault-Tree Analysis
Event-Tree Analysis
FMEA
STAMP
HAZOP
Smart Grid Information Security (SGIS)
SGIS Risk Impact Level (SGIS-RIL)

Security Architecture of Smart Grids

Hierarchical Security Architecture of Smart Grids
Management Layer
Supervisory Layer
Network Layer
Communication Layer
Control Layer
Physical Layer
Typical SCADA Network Levels
Conceptual Control System with Layering
Robust and Resilient Control
Secure Network Routing in Smart Grids
Management of Information Security
User Patching

Smart Grid Conformity Testing

Certifying Smart Grid Components and Systems
Conformity Assessment
Relevant Standards in Conformity Testing
ISO 17025
ISO 9001
ISO Guide 65
Qualitative Approach
Categorical Approach
Quantitative

SCADA System Security

Introduction to SCADA
Security Issues in SCADA
Public Information Availability
Platform Vulnerabilities
Network Configuration Vulnerabilities
Network Perimeter Vulnerabilities
DNP3 Threats

Plug-in Electric Vehicle (PEV) Security Issues

Introduction to PEV Security
Privacy of movement
Secure payment
Smart Metering
Critical Infrastructure and Physical Security
Communication issues in PEVs

Generic Security Issues

Authentication and Authorizing Users
Maintenance Personnel to Smart Meters
Authentication and Authorized Users to outdoor field equipment
Serial SCADA Communications security
Protection of Routing Protocols
Insecure Firmware Updates
Side Channel Attacks
Key Management and Public Key Infrastructure
Patch Management

Components of A Cyber Secured Smart Grid

Prevention of threats
Identifying potential threats
Denial of service attacks
Detection of threats
Response to threats
Recovery from threats
Systematic documentation of vulnerabilities
Concept of risk in smart grid security
Cascading failures
Physical consequences of a risk
Assessing and quantifying the risks (Risk assessment)
Setting boundaries for security architecture
Concept of actors
Secure communication flows between actors
Interaction between actors in smart grids
Loss of confidentiality
Loss of integrity
Loss of availability

Cybersecurity Mode Level of a Smart Grid Domain

Transmission level
Measurement units
Transmission RTU
Operation
Distribution SCADA
Distributed generation management
Transmission engineering
Outage management system
Customer portals
Transmission SCADA
Wide area measurement systems
Energy management systems (EMS)
Bulk storage management
ISO operations
Metering
Bulk generation
Plant control
Marketing
Energy market
Wholesale market
Service providers
Pricing system
Retail energy provider
Third parties
Energy service providers
Customers

Customer Energy Management

Appliances and equipment
Meters
Electric vehicles
Generation and storages

High Level Cybersecurity Requirements

Objectives of cybersecurity
Confidentiality, integrity and availability impacts
Impact levels
Security requirements
Access control
Awareness and training
Audit and accountability
Security assessment
Configuration management
Incident response
Identification and management
Media protection
Smart grid development and maintenance
Personnel security
Environmental security
Security planning
Risk management
Smart grid information system security
Communication security
Security of metering infrastructures
Security of electric vehicles
Security of demand response
Security of SCADA systems

Workshops and Labs for Smart Grid Cybersecurity Training

Vulnerability Analysis in SCADA and Automation Systems of Power Grid
Quantifying the Impact of Successful Cyber Attacks on Power System Operation
Risk Modeling due to Cyber Attacks
Mitigation of Risks and Intrusion Detection Algorithms
Testbed and Validation with Power System Simulator
Smart Grid Modeling Demo in Power System Simulators

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Time Frame: 0-3 Months4-12 Months

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